What is CoffeeScript?
How to Install CoffeeScript
I went down a bit of a rabbit hole when I first tried to install the CoffeeScript compiler, so I’m documenting this to help others as well as myself. It turns out to run CoffeeScript the simplest way is to install NodeJS. First I follow the instructions for “use-nave.sh” to install nave, a tool which provides virtual environments for NodeJS (it’s sort of analagous to the way RVM creates gemsets). To do that I follow the instructions over at https://gist.github.com/isaacs/579814 under “use-nave.sh” (repeated below with a few tweaks for convenience).
# this way is really handy if you want to test things # in different versions of node and use stable release # versions of things. # make a folder where you want to keep this stuff mkdir ~/.nave cd ~/.nave wget http://github.com/isaacs/nave/raw/master/nave.sh sudo ln -s $PWD/nave.sh /usr/local/bin/nave # now you can forget about that folder. # you never have to go back in there. # to use a version of node in a virtual environment nave use 0.4.8 # to install npm in that virtualenv curl https://npmjs.org/install.sh | sh
In the above instruction set, instead of “nave use 0.4.8”, I give the command “nave use stable” to use the latest stable version of NodeJS, which at the time of this writing was 0.8.19.
Now install the CoffeeScript compiler:
npm install -g coffee-script
Now edit your .bashrc file with a text editor to add nave to your system path so your system finds nave everytime you open a terminal shell
For example, on my system I do:
sudo gedit ~/.bashrc
This opens the .bashrc file and I add the following line at the bottom of the file:
export NODE_PATH=/home/user_name/.nave/installed/0.8.19/lib/node_modules where
user_name is your user login name. Your NODE_PATH variable might look a little different.
Testing it all worked
Try running “coffee -v” at the command prompt. If you get a version number, you’re set.
You may have to change permissions on your nave.sh file
If you have trouble running nave and get a permission denied error, cd into ~/.nave and issue the command “chmod a+x nave.sh”.